MEMBACA AL-MUTANABBI DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN TIGA PENGUASA ABBASIYAH (Analisis Semiotik)
Suratno, Siti Chamamah
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A research entitled “Reading al-Mutanabb i> and Its relation to the Three Caliphs of Abbasid: A Semiotic Analysis” aims to describe semiotically a relation between al-Mutanabb i> and the three Caliphs of Abbasid. The relation shows the role and success of al-Mutanabb i> > as an outstanding Arabian poet. The research results in showing the relation between al-Mutanabb i> and the three caliphs of Abbasid determined by some factors, namely the character of al-Mutanabb i> , i.e. loyal, stiff, helpful, smart, polite, and arrogant; the characteristics of the poetries, i.e. diplomatic, contradictive, hyperbola, pars pro toto; and the pattern of the relation created, i.e. patronage, friendship, and mutual relation. Although the character is an important element to maintain the quality of the relation, the special characteristic of the al-Mutanabb i> ‘s poetries is the most significant element to create the good relation with the three caliphs. In addition, the characteristics of al-Mutanabb i> ‘s poetries are needed by the caliphs to increase their image in front of their public and enemies.