UNGKAPAN ETNIS PETANI JAWA DI DESA JAPANAN, KECAMATAN CAWAS, KABUPATEN KLATEN: KAJIAN ETNOLINGUISTIK
Wahyudi, Agus Budi
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The study aims at describing ethnic expressions and their intention of Javanese farmers at Japanan district based on their social and cultural context. It uses descriptive qualitative research and the data are analyzed by Spreadly’s ethnographic analysis. The analysis tries to describe the linguistic units and their intension based on the social and cultural contexts. The findings show that the ethnic expressions consist of words and phrases. Those expression are used in all steps of agricultural activities done by the farmers, for examples, pranatamangsa ‘months’, mangsa udan ‘wet season’, macul ‘to hoe’, mangsa sada ‘the eleventh month’, gawe pinihan ‘cultivation of seedlings’, mangsa kanem ‘the sixth month’, ketiga ‘dry season’, luku and garu ‘plows’, ngrabuk ‘to fertilize’, matun ‘to clear away the weeds in the farms’, mangsa panen ‘harvest moon’, dewi sri ‘rice’, den bagus ‘rats’, methik/guwakan ‘mistic or ritual ceremony before harvesting time’, sedhekah bumi/bersih desa/rasulan ‘mistic ceremony after harvesting with wayang kulit show entitled sri boyong, sri mulih, or sri sadana.