MODEL YAYASAN PENDIDIKAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM TERHADAP PESERTA DIDIK (Studi Kasus Pada Yayasan Perguruan Tinggi di Surakarta)
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The Foundation is primarily a legal entity which has the sole purpose of a social, religious and humanitarian established by taking into account the formal requirements specified in the legislation. Foundation is basically known as a nonprofit social organization or not profit-oriented in their activities. In the practice of law and custom in Indonesia, it proves that the establishment of foundations have the status of legal entity, this is due to guarantee legal certainty in the foundation. Establishment of educational foundations sets forth in the provisions governing the establishment of the foundation. Foundations of education as a container other than educational institutions should be able to provide encouragement to students to achieve what is expected to learn. Foundations of education as an educational institution should be able to create well-being of learners in learning. Foundations of education shall have a system that can appreciate the needs of the students in learning and achieve learning objectives. Foundations of education must always strive to provide protection to the success of learners learning. The purposes of this study include among others. 1) To determine the educational foundation of universities in Surakarta in the perspective of the protection of learners. 2) To determine the foundation's model of college education in Surakarta which can be recommended in the perspective of the protection of learners. This study took place in the three foundations of education in Surakarta: Dharma Pancasila Surakarta Foundation, Sari Asih Surakarta Foundation, Baruna and Mitra Foundation Insani Klaten. This study is a kind of empirical research. The approach used in this study is a comparative approach (comparative approach). The data used in this study consists of primary data and secondary data. Methods of collecting data in this study use direct observation techniques, interviews and literature study or library research. Techniques of analysis in this study are qualitative analysis techniques with predictive analysis model. The results of the research are namely. 1) Educational foundation in Surakarta basically has socioeconomic characteristics (socio economics foundations). Educational foundation in Surakarta tends to have views that are socialindependence absolute (particularistic socio absolute), which practically the foundation models have dual functions, namely maintaining ideal destination, on the other hand they act as a business entity that has an economic power as a driving force in the achievement of the foundation. 2) The ideal foundation model of higher education must meet such things as the conditions set in the statutes of colleges / universities established by foundations that foster education and really able to carry out the vision, mission and goals. It should capable in providing quality assurance of learning for students (student), capable in providing adequate educational facilities without notice any differences in ethnicity, race, or religion, provide a guarantee of improving the quality of human resources, able to facilitate students, capable in protecting the good name of the foundation and protect learners. It should play a role in improving the quality of human resources and community service, especially in the field of science through a variety of scientific fields.