EFEKTIFITAS PEMBELAJARAN KETERAMPILAN SPEAKING DENGAN PENDEKATAN GENRE DI UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURAKARTA
The purposes of this research are to describe language teaching using genre approach, to describe the problems faced by students and lecturers at Language Center UMS, and to describe the strengths and weaknesses of this approach in which the approach is compared with a previous method. This research is a descriptive qualitative research. It uses informant and document sources. The informants are the students of semester 2 and the lecturers of Speaking Acquisition 2 at UMS. The techniques used in data collecting are by giving questionnaire, doing an interview, observing, and giving a test. The result of the research shows that (1) teaching English using genre approach has not been effective yet. The ineffectiveness of this approach is caused by (a) the lecturers, who still do not understand the concept of genre and how to teach it to the students, (b) the topic of dialogue is not interesting to the students, (c) the exercises of the book are not various, and (d) the students are not well-motivated by the lecturers. (2) Genre approach in teaching English is one of the methods to develop student and lecturer’s activity on speaking ability. (3) The weakness of this approach is that the students are still lack of mastery on vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation. Based on the finding, it is suggested for the policy maker at LC to hold a workshop on teaching Speaking based on genre approach. The materials on workshop should be focused on teaching speaking for a big class, the method on giving the task or assignment, and the ways to evaluate it. It is also suggested that the curriculum should cover Reading Subject which can be used to emphasize on students vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation.