Efek Fortifikasi Fe dan Zn pada Biskuit yang Diolah dari Kombinasi Tempe dan Bekatul untuk Meningkatkan Kadar Albumin Anak Balita Kurang Gizi yang Anemia
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Background: Studies and researches on rice bran supplementation have suggested positive effects on children’s health status, while effects of tempeh on undernutrition subjects only little being known. Objective: To compare nutritional status albumine level in children under 5 yo who suffer from protein energy undernurtition and anemia, after they were given biscuit rice bran with Fe-Zn fortification, biscuit tempeh rice bran and biscuit tempeh. Method: Quasi experimental with pre-post test design. Three times a week during 12 weeks, undernutrition subjects in intervention group (n=30), control group 1 (n=31) and control group 2 (n=30) were given biscuit tempeh rice-bran with Fe-Zn fortification, biscuit tempeh-rice bran without Fe-Zn fortification, and biscuit tempeh, respectively. Intake of energy and protein albumine level and nutritional status was measured by 24 hour food recall, spectrofotometry, antropometry, respectively. Result: After 12 weeks intervention, there were increasing of energy and protein intake, level of albumine alsi weight although no significantly difference in groups (Anova test, p>0.05). Mean of increasing albumine levels were 0.946±0.504, 1.086±1.380, and 0.916±0.409, while for weight were 0.610±2.342, 0.987±1.448 and 0.240±0.646. Conslusion: Giving biscuit tempeh-rice bran with Fe-Zn fortification or without fortification as well as biscuit tempeh can correct energy and protein intake, level of albumine, as well as nutritional status in children under 5 yo who suffer from undernutrition and anemia.