HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENGETAHUAN ORANG TUA TENTANG ISPA DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA PADA BAYI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS GATAK SUKOHARJO
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Upper respiratory infections (URI) is one of the major causes of morbidity in infants in developing countries, including Indonesia. Incidence of respiratory infection in infants can be affected by several factors such as environment at home, parental knowledge of causes of URI. A good knowledge of parents is expected to reduce the incidence of respiratory infection in infants, as well as a healthy environment can reduce the incidence of respiratory infection in infants. The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship between parental knowledge about the incidence of URI in infants at the working area of Gatak primary health centre, Sukoharjo. The research method used was correlative Descriptive. The samples were 71 parents who had babies in the working area of Gatak primary health centre, Sukoharjo. Sampling technique used was proportional random sampling. Data obtained trough a questionnaire investigates knowledge of the incidence of URI and URI questionnaire. Data analysis was analyzed by Chi Square test. The results showed that 24 respondents (33.8%) had a good knowledge of URI, 24 respondents (33.8%) had sufficient knowledge, and 23 respondents (32.4%) had less knowledge. There were 46 infant respondents (64.8%) who had respiratory infections while 25 other infant respondents (35.2%) experienced no incidence of URI. The results of Chi Square test statistic values obtained x 2 value= 11.307 p=0.004. The conclusion of the study had shown that there was a relationship between parental knowledge of URI and the incidence of URI in infants at the working area of Gatak primary health centre, Sukoharjo.