Design Of Fleet Needs, Determination Tariff Of Public Transport With Integrated Management In Surakarta
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Surakarta which has 44.06 km2 of total area, total population is 515,372 inhabitants. Surakarta is a administration city, residency city, batik city and culture city that now is growing rapidly, so it needs an adequate public transportation. The public transport including public transport of taxis. At present, public transport taxis in Surakarta is not yet sufficient quality, so it needs good management to improve the performance. One of management is to change the individual management system into the integrated management system. The goal of research to analysis of a balanced public transportation taxis between demand and supply with the integrated management system. The benefits of research for inputs to the government as the policy holder. For employers with affordable rates but still make a profit, for users with affordable rates but still easy to get a taxi. The method used is descriptive analysis. The results of analysis is taxi conditions on the ground, comprising 6 PO Taxi, with the amount of 479 fleet, total distance traveled is 228 km / day, contents mileage is 157 km / day, operating time is 22 hours / day, the travel time is 8 hours / day, load factor 69% of the load, load factor 37% of the time, tariff based on the operational cost of Rp. 2769, -/km. After having evaluated using the guidelines from the Department of Land Transportation, the amount taxis 412 of fleet, mileage traveled is 266 km / day, contents mileage is 182 km / day, operating time is 22 hours / day, travel time is 9 hours / day, load factor 70% of load, load factor 43% of time, rate based on the operational cost is Rp. 2410, -/km. Having evaluated using the integrated management arrangements fleet of 285 taxis, total mileage is 285 km / day, contents mileage is 235 km / day, operating time is 22 hours / day, journey time is 12 hours / day, load factor 67% of load, load factor 53% of time, tariff based on the operational cost is Rp. 1662, -/km, taxi fares in the field is Rp. 2750, -/km. The characteristics of user expect taxi cabs are: the desired speed 35-40 km / h, the desired waiting time 3-6 minutes, user satisfaction is quite satisfied and willingness to pay Rp taxi users. 2500, -/km.