Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Sikap Masyarakat Tentang Pencegahan Tuberkulosis Paru di Dusun Kayangan Kecamatan Karanganyar Kabupaten Karanganyar
Handayani, Tri Etik
Purwanti, Okti Sri
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Tuberculosis stills a health problem both in Indonesia and in the world and is the leading cause of death. Tuberculosis is defined as the direct infectious disease caused by tuberculosis bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis). Preliminary results indicated that residents are still lacking knowledge in terms of house occupied conditions where air circulation is less, are less supportive behavior toward healthy lifestyles. Where homes are occupied by residents adjacent cattle shed, a rare floor swept and damp caused no plastered floor that can cause respiratory diseases. The research is aim to know an effect of health education on knowledge level and communities behavior about prevention of pulmonary tuberculosis in Kayangan of Karanganyar village sub district Karanganyar. Method of research is quasi experiment with pre-test post-test one group with control design. Total respondent are 70 samples, respondents are divided into 2 groups, that an experiment group and one as control group. Taking sample is using random simple sampling. Instrument research is using from knowledge and behavior questioner. The health education materials used lectures and leaflets. Hypothesis research is used non-parametric test with Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test and Mann Whitney test. Pre test results are many categories of knowledge sufficient experiment group 54.3%, control group 48.6% much less categories. Post test knowledge of the experiment group 57.1% quite a lot of categories, many categories of adequate control group 57.1%. Pre test the behavior of many categories of negative experiment group 54.3%, control group 54.3% a lot of negative categories. Post test the behavior of many of the experiment group 74.3% positive categories, many categories of negative control group 57.1%. There is the influence of health education in both experiment groups with the knowledge and behavior p = 0.001 with p = 0.001. Communities are expected to follow the counseling conducted by health personnel. In order for the knowledge and behavior about health can be improved so as to apply the knowledge gained in everyday life.