Model Pemberdayaan Konseling Peer Education dalam Upaya Membentuk Perilaku Berhenti Morokok pada Mahasiswa
Wijayanti, Anisa Catur
Setiyadi, Noor Alis
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Non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, stroke, diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease until today continues to increase beyond infectious diseases. The main risk factors that aggravate the condition of a person and support the occurrence of the disease is smoking behavior. Behavior arising by addictive substances to nicotine in tobacco is a killer slowly (the silent killer) for the younger generation. In addition to impact on the incidence of malignant disease, it would be very worrying to the younger generation, because smoking behavior is the entrance, opening the way and the trend toward the use of drugs, alcohol use and also on HIV / AIDS. Efforts to prevent the disease from other to stop smoking behavior. This study aimed to describe the student smokers characterized in faculty of health sciences, design models of empowerment peer educators in an effort to quit smoking, measures lung function capacity of smokers, designing media smoking cessation counseling. This research is observational descriptive analysis to describe the characteristics of smokers, measuring lung capacity, and blood pressure. Creating media for smoking cessation counseling. The results showed as many as 16 people (53.3%) of respondents who smoke coming from a public health departement , all smokers claimed to have smoked since high school. The average length of smoking for 3.14 years, the longest was 8 years old and the earliest was a year ago since entering college. The average consumption of cigarettes as much as 5.43 cigarettes per day, at least one cigarette per day and no more than 12 cigarettes per day, with a smoke mostly 4-6 days a week are 9 people (30.0%). All respondents are student smokers (100%) have a desire to stop smoking and almost all (93.1%) have attempted to quit smoking. As many as 50% of respondents do not conduct consultations to quit smoking and only 13% of respondents who do consult with a counselor. Media used to help peer educators / peer counselors in this study are given in the pocket book each respondent. Conclusion pulmonary function impairment printed in the spirometer shows that most respondents had very severe obstruction, as many as 12 people (40%). Systole blood pressure measurement results mean and standard deviation of 124.26 ± 12.29 mmHg, blood pressure 148 mm Hg highest and lowest 103 mmHg. As for diastolic blood pressure on average 72.5 ± 7.35 mmHg with the highest blood pressure 85 mmHg and 58 mmHg lows.