Karakteristik Demografi pada Wanita Usia Subur dengan Gangguan Fungsi Tiroid
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The demographic characteristics such as age, education, family income and occupation contribute to health behaviors and risk of disease. This study aims to investigate the relationship between the demographic characteristics of age, education, income, and employment with thyroid dysfunction in women of childbearing age in endemic areas of iodine deficiency. This observational study was conducted with a cross-sectional approach, in endemic areas of iodine deficiency in Prambanan subdistrict, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta. The sample consisted of 115 randomly selected WUS. Impaired of thyroid function was measured with a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4). Age, level of education, family income, and employment is measured through interviews. The relationship between the independent and dependent variables were tested by Chi Square test. The majority of the sample 61.7 % aged 19-35 years, 67.0 % primary education, 51.3 % without occupation, 89.6 % low income, and subject with thyroid disorders 28.7 %. Chi Square test showed there were no correlation between age, education, occupation and family income with thyroid dysfunction on women of childbearing age (0,102; 0,247; 0.556 and 0.231). Demographic characteristics that were not associated with thyroid dysfunction on women of childbearing age in endemic areas of iodine deficiency.