Potensi dari Ekstrak Etanol Kulit Buah Rambutan (Nephellium Lappaceum) dan Jeruk Manis (Citrus Sinensis) sebagai Obat Herbal Antihiperurisemia
Rachma Sativa, Wieke
Sujono, Tanti Azizah
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Background : Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) and sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) peels of ethanolic extracts contain compounds supposedly as antihyperuricemic agent such as ellagic acid, luteoline, hesperidine and rutine. The aim of this study was purposed antihyperuricemic activity of sweet orange and rambutan peels ethanol extracts on the Swiss male mice induced by potassium oxonate. Methods : The assay of the effect of sweet orange and rambutan peels extracts done experimentally with post-test control group design using forty male mice were divided into 8 groups: the positive control group (allopurinol dose of 10 mg/kgBW), the negative control group (CMC-Na 0.5%), three treatment groups were each given rambutan peels ethanol extract doses 125; 250 and 500 mg/kgBW and the other three treatment groups were each given sweet orange peels ethanol extract doses 125; 250 and 500 mg/ kgBW. Serum uric acid concentrations were analyzed by TBHBA enzymatic methods at a wavelength of 546 nm. Result : The results showed that the extracts of sweet orange and rambutan peels dose of 500 mg / kg bw had reduced of uric levels acid in the blood serum of mice, respectively 91.81 and 72.51% exceeds the activity shown by allopurinol 66.67%. Conslusions : The ethanol extract of orange peel and sweet rambutan have effect in lowering serum uric acid levels.