Model of Muhammadiyah Mosques in Javanese Culture Cities
Syamsiyah, Nur Rahmawati
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Kyai Ahmad Dahlan,the founder of Muhammadiyah Organization, had ideal of liberating Muslims from backwardness. He build a progressive life through tajdid (reform) including aspects of tauhid (faith), worship, mu'amalah, and understanding of Islamic teachings and lives of Muslims. Muhammadiyah organization is engaged in education, health and social house. In each of these efforts, mosque is a center of community activity. In addition, mosques of Muhammadiyah Foundation are also found in middle of many communities. Yogyakarta and Surakarta are cities that are well-known with their strong Javanese culture. In Java communities, Muhammadiyah mosques are found. The problems are: what are characters of mosques of Muhammadiyah Foundation located in cities with Javanese cultural background and what model and guideline of mosque that can be used as standards of architectural style of mosques in Yogyakarta and Surakarta. Research on mosques in several cities with their traditional as well as modern character is an initial reference of the present research. The research also suport by previous researches, that will be the basic for develop a research that will be done. The present research uses a descriptive-qualitative approach with a direct data searching through observation and interviews to informans of Muhammadiyah Mosques in Yogyakarta and Surakarta. Results of the present research are guidelines and models that can be used to design Muhammadiyah mosque in Javanese culture cities.