Pendidikan, Vol. 19, No. 2, Desember 2007 130 PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI MENULIS PENGALAMAN SISWA KELAS VII A SMP NEGERI 2 GATAK KABUPATEN SUKOHARJO MELALUI POLA LATIHAN BERJENJANG
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The main problem which encourages the researcher to conduct the action research is the low competence in writing personal experience of the seventh year students of SMPN 2 Gatak Kabupaten Sukoharjo. To overcome the problem, the researcher applied Stage Exercise Patterns – a teaching writing technique which covers three crucial stages, namely: the stage of teaching constructing sentences, the stage of teaching developing paragraph, and the stage of teaching writing discourse. The action applied in two cycles shows that the Stage Exercise Pattern can increase the students’ competence in writing personal experience and the teacher’s capability in teaching writing. The students’ improving writing can be seen from the increased capability in: (1) determining experiential topics; (2) spelling and punctuation; (3) diction; (4) sentence structure; (5) paragraph organization; (6) paragraph unity; (7) coherence among sentence I a paragraphs; and (8) coherence among the paragraphs. The indicators showing the improvement are: (1) variations in experiential topics written by the students, (2) laser mistakes made by the students in writing based on the criteria determined by the teacher from stage to stage and from cycle to cycle; (3) the average score of cycle 1 is 65,25 while the average score of cycle 2 is 73,63. Consequently, the average score is increased, that is 8,08. While the increase of the teacher’s capability in teaching can be seen from the improvement in: (1) integrating the teaching writing with other aspects, (2) applying various teaching strategies, (3) creating and making use of the teaching media.