Social Capital Based Health Promotion For Eliminating Dengue Mosquito Breeding Places In Bantul District Yogyakarta
Kasjono, Heru Subaris
Kartono, Drajat Tri
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Programs aimed to eliminate mosquito breeding places were considered as inadequate due to the absence of community participation effort in vector control. Current program to modify behavior change disposed by counseling and to eliminate the mosquito breeding places were developed without paying attention to social capital of the society, which cause some program are unsustainable. Social capital is a key factor for sustaining any health programs implemented in the society. To analyze the effectiveness of social capital in eliminating dengue mosquito breeding places in Bantul District. Study design was cross sectional. Population of the study was local community in Bantul District. Samples were 600 households divided into two categories: endemic and potential areas. Data were collected by interviews and observation method. Data were analyzed using the person correlation, confirmatory analysis and pathway analysis. Social capital was significant in affecting community participation in eliminating dengue mosquito breeding places (t = 10.86) followed by the perception of people in eliminating dengue mosquito breeding places (t = 9.86). Counseling was more significant to affect community participation in the elimination of dengue mosquito breeding places in households (t = 8.50) than participation in the elimination of dengue mosquito breeding places dengue fever in environment (t = 1.20). Health promotion model in the elimination of mosquito breeding places was more effective to decrease CI with reinforcement social capital by family and environment participation in Bantul District.