Effect Of The Capability Treatment Activities For Verbal Communication In RSJD Surakarta
Background: Results of preliminary studies that have been conducted by researchers at the Regional Mental Hospital (Rumah Sakit Jiwa Daerah/RSJD) Surakarta show that RSJD Surakarta has conducted the various therapeutic models which consist of group activity therapy over a period of one month or four times a week on Thursdays. Data shows that there are cases of schizophrenia with total number of 17,763 patients for some cases, such as hebefrenic schizophrenia, paranoid, catatonic, residual, simplex, and others. While the total number of schizophrenia cases in 2011 reached 18,022. Objective: To determine the effect of therapy group socialization activity to improve the clients verbal communication skills in RSJD Surakarta after treatment. Method: The design of this study is pra-experiment with post-test. The populations in this study are schizophrenia patients with the total number of 211 patients based on medical records of people with impaired verbal communication. Samples were set of 30 respondents by using purposive sampling technique. The analytical tool used is descriptive analysis. Result and Discussion: Based on a whole observations starting from observation the first session (from session 1 until session 7), we can see the improving from average capability verbal communication after conducted therapy group activities in the aspect of the socialization. Numbers who are unable is 13 (43,3 %) , while who experienced the ability verbally are 17 (56,7 %). This means that more than half (56,7 %) clients in RSJD surakarta already improved the ability to communicate verbally after conducted therapy group activities socialization, and only 43,3 % clients could be classified not to be able to communicate verbally in RSJD Surakarta Conclusion: Results of Therapeutic Activity Group Socialization in RSJD Surakarta have improved of verbal communication skills in terms of patients‟ schizophrenic withdrawn, and no negative effect of treatment group socialization activities (syntax) of the verbal communication skills of the process of patient schizophrenic withdrawn at RSJD Surakarta.