The Relation Between The Consumption Of Sugary Food and Toothbrushing Behavior With The Incidence Of Dental Caries At Children Aged 24-59 Month In Mranggen Polokarto Sukoharjo
Widiyaningsih, Endang Nur
Ambarwati, Nuraini R.
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Caries is a disease or disorder that occurs in hard tissue of teeth due to demineralization of dental hard tissue. The prevalence of dental caries in Polokarto Sukoharjo was 28.4 % and Mranggen had the highest prevalence of dental caries (76.7%) in January 2015. The consumption of sugary food and rarely brushing teeth were two factors that could grow bacteria inside mouth and cause dental caries. This study aimed to determine the correlation between consumption of sugary food and tooth brushing behavior with the incidence of dental caries. We performed a cross sectional study. The samples were 81 children aged 24-59 months and 63% were male. The respondents of the study were the children’s mother. The data of sugary food consumption were collected by using Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) while the data of tooth brushing behavior was collected using a comprehensive questionnaire. The processing of tooth brushing questionnaire data was conducted by using Likerd Scale. The correlation between variables was tested using chisquare. The result showed that 64.2% of children under five suffered from dental caries, children with excessive consumption of sugary food were 72 % and children with good tooth brushing behavior were 56.8%. The p-value of correlation test between consumption of sugary foods and tooth brushing behavior with dental caries incidence were 0.007 (OR = 4.46, CI 95 % = 1.603+- 12.4) and 0.01 (OR = 0.27, CI 95 % = 0.099+- 0.75) , respectively. There was a correlation between consumption of sugary food and tooth brushing behavior with the incidence of dental caries in toddlers at Mranggen Polokarto Sukoharjo. Sugary food consumption had 4.46% risk factor of dental caries while tooth brushing behavior was not a risk factor of dental caries.