URBAN SPACE MORPHOLOGY AND TYPOLOGY OF THE CITY OF SOLO IN THE EARLY PERIOD (1500-1750)
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The objective of this study is to find out the form and the type of urban space in the early of Solo, one of the oldest cities in Java. The object of study was approached by rationalistic research. The method of research was carried out by a-three-archive research strategy: primary files; secondary files and physical files. The primary files referred to the old Javanese documentary; the secondary files referred to the document of local, national and international historian; and the physical files referred to the field research that was conducted by interviews and collecting the artefacts. The research found that Solo was firstly formed as a-water-front city. The main buildings that constructed urban space in the early of Solo were a-three-village: Sala, Laweyan and Pajang. The main land element that formed urban space in the early of Solo was River Bengawan Solo. This giant river formed the urban space in Solo until 1750s. The type of urban space was shaped up from three figures: linear; cluster; and central. The main humans who made urban space in the early of Solo were Ki Sala; Ki Gede Pemanahan; and Sultan Hadiwijaya. This study was also finding that The Chinese, Arab and Indian had come in Solo before the Dutch occupied in Surakarta (1750s).