AKAL DAN WAHYU DALAM PANDANGAN IBNU RUSYD DAN IBN TAIMIYYAH
Zarkasy, Hamid Fahmi
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The relation problem of thinking and message is very interesting topic for debating among Mutakallimun and Muslim philosophers dealing with their own tendency. Among them, there is rational extreme; therefore, the truth barometer is in thinking ability, on the contrary, there is traditional extreme which refused that thinking is as the only resources of religion. This writing will study the effort of integrity for both of the extremes that had mentioned above. By observing the effort of two greatest thinkers in Islam History those are; Ibnu Rusyd and Ibnu Taimiyyah. The effort of Ibnu Rusyd for connecting between thinking and message is very systematic, but the meaning limitation of thinking on the ability to think demonstrative that only owned by philosophers invited varied questions. He seems outrageous in valuing the thinking ability and demonstration method, but he didn’t carry out ta’wil without based on Al Burhan in discussing the philosophy issues. He gave more authority to the philosophers for interpreting the message than the other. He has preferred thinking than message and this can be decreased the absolutely of the message. Ibnu Tamiyyah has the contrary view, mainly by giving priority to message but didn’t ignore thinking at all. The rightly thinking will never cross over with the message. Thinking for Ibnu Tamiyyah has not got independence status as Ibnu Rusyd view.