Lexical Analysis in The Noble Qur'an Surah An-Nisa Verse 34 Interpreted by Dr. Muhammad Taqiuddin Al-Hilali, Ph.D.
This research is focus on semantic analysis in surah an-Nisa verse 34 lexically and contextually. Semantic is the study of meaning of words, phrases and sentence. It focuses on the relation between signifiers, such as words, phrases, signs, and symbols, and what they stand for. Linguistic semantics is the study of meaning that is used to understand human expression through language. In linguistics, semantic analysis is the process of relating syntactic structures, from the levels of phrases, clauses, sentences and paragraphs to the level of the writing as a whole, to their language-independent meanings. The lexical meaning is study of semantics which concern with the meaning based on the dictionary. On the other hand, contextual meaning is the study of semantics which concern with the meaning based on the situational. However, lexically, based on the interpretation of Muhammad Taqiuddin, surah an-Nisa verse 34 discuss about the noble duty of husband to his wife. A husband as the leader of the household and the wife is the manager. It also talks about the way of husband remind the wife whom cannot do the duty of wife. Beside, contextually, Qawwam has many interpretation meanings. Classical Muslim scholar said that man is the leader of woman in the family, moderate scholar conclude that a woman can be a leader if she can fulfill what in family need including leading sector of family and modern scholar coming from feminist said that both man and woman have the same right dealing of family.