MODEL TAMAN PERILAKU DAN PROMOSI KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT UNTUK MENCEGAH PENYAKIT TROPIS
Setiyadi, Noor Alis
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Tropical diseases, which can be found at many areas in Sukoharjo, are Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever and Tuberculosis. In 2004, there were 207 people with dengue fever and among them, 59 persons, had dengue shock syndrome. In Indonesia, each year, 500,000 new people have Tuberculosis and every minute, one person passes away due to this disease. Government policy in coping with dengue fever changed from reactive and curative to proactive and preventive. This policy includes mosquito nest elimination program along with campaign and publications. Observed treatment short course has been proven can cut the spread of tuberculosis. There are five components in this strategy, i.e.: (1) political will, including providing necessary fund, (2) diagnosis of acid fast bacteria, (3) tuberculosis medicine supply (4) curative action with short term tuberculosis medicine with help from person supervising, and (5) reporting regularly to supervise and evaluate TB program. The need of health promotion media to avoid dengue fever and TB was stated by people in Kartasura and Baki districts. People who stay at home prefer banner or poster around their village while people who work outside prefer banners on street which are easy to read. Brochures would be needed to provide deeper information. These media should have clear and understandable message, and interesting picture which will be able to change people habits. Health promotion regarding the avoidance of Dengue Fever and TB is therefore, very important. Such program must be conducted comprehensively with people participation.