UUD 1945 SEBAGAI REVOLUTIEGRONDWET: Tafsir Poskolonial atas Gagasan-gagasan Revolusioner dalam Wacana Konstitusi Indonesia
Azhari, Aidul Fitriciada
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Amendment of the 1945 Constitution was motivated mainly by democratization process. Amendment of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic Indonesia was implied by a statement of Soekarno about Revolutiegrondwet or a constitution of the revolution. Revolutiegrondwet used to be understood as a character of the 1945 Constitution that means it is a temporary constitution. But, in practice the 1945 Constitution continued to be accepted by Indonesian people up to 1999 before it was amended. The fact that the 1945 Constitution was a temporary constitution made the Revolutiegrondwet should be interpreted as a constitution with revolutionary character. Revolutionary character of the 1945 Constitution was purposed to decolonization Indonesia from colonial state to national state. Substantially decolonization was reflected in the main principles, norms, and articles of the 1945 Constitution that destructed and abolished various colonial elements and built a new state and society with national in character. Historically decolonization was reflected in historical role of the 1945 Constitution as a revolutionary instrument of social change in Indonesia.