PENGARUH DURASI SENAM DIABETES MELITUS PADA PENURUNAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH PADA PENDERITA DM TIPE II
Santoso, Totok Budi
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Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is metabolic disease with characteristic of hyperglycaemia. DM caused by disparity of insulin secretion, insulin activity, or both of them. The exercises of Diabetes Mellitus divided into two kinds of duration, which are 30 minutes and 60 minutes. The aim of research was to know the effect of excercise duration on blood glucose level in patients with diabetes type II. This research was quasi experiment with pre and post test two groups design. Subjects were 242 members of Persadia in Salatiga, between 40-80 years old. Subjects divided in four groups which were DM group of 30 minutes duration of exercise, DM group of 60 minutes duration of exercise, non DM group of 30 minutes duration of exercise, non DM group of 60 minutes duration of exercise. The exercises of DM conducted with intensity 60-70% Maximal Heart Rate. Data was taken before and after the exercise at each group. Blood glucose level was measured using Glucometer. Data were analyzed using Paired Sample T-Test and the result showed that there was an effect of exercises in duration 30 minutes and 60 minutes on blood glucose level. Independent Sample T-Test showed that there was not any difference of effect between exercises on 30 minutes and 60 minutes duration on blood glucose level. This research conclude that the exercises in duration 30 minutes and 60 minutes decrease blood glucose level significantly. There was not any difference of effect between exercises on 30 minutes and 60 minutes duration on blood glucose level.