Bahasa ‘Indoglish’ dan ‘Jawanesia’ Dan Dampaknya Bagi Pemartabatan Bahasa Indonesia
Rahardi, R. Kunjana
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This research was meant to describe the ‘Indoglish’ and ‘Jawanesia’ phenomena in the domain of education. The description was done by depicting the forms of ‘Indoglish’ and ‘Jawanesia’ continued by the description of the existing motives of such language entities, followed by the description of impacts towards the efforts of dignifying the Indonesian language. The data of this research were taken from direct utterances spoken by teachers, lecturers, students, and educational staffs, wherever and whenever possible, in certain education institutions around Yogyakarta Special Province. The collection of data for this research was done by applying the participation method, whether it was participation by interview or participation without interview. The collected data were then classiﬁ ed and typiﬁ ed before the method and technique of data analysis were applied. To analyze the data, the researcher applied the distributional method of analysis. The result of analysis was then presented in the form of informal way of research result presentation, not in the form of formal one which conventionally used symbols and formulas of language forms. The result of the research can be summarized as in the following: (A) the forms of ‘Indoglish’ and ‘Jawanesia’ occurred in the level of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences. The forms of ‘Indoglish’ were mostly in the forms of words or phrases, whereas the forms of linguistics of ‘Jawanesia’ were in the forms of clause or sentence. (B) The motives of using the ‘Indoglish’ and ‘Jawanesia’ can be subsequently mentioned as follows: (1) the prestige in talking and arousing close relationship, (2) the gratuitous motive and making sense of humor, (3) the pretention motive and showing pride, (4) the showing of closed relationship, (5) the showing of annoyance, (6) the showing of arrogance, (7) the showing to have good language competence, (8) the telling of closed relationship to others, (9) the showing of language competence and closed friendship, (10) the showing of emphasis, (11) the showing of language competence and the ease in talking, (12) the showing of language competence and prestige, (13) the showing of feeling of pride, (14) the showing of certain style in talking, (15) the making of ease in talking, (16) the making of ease in talking and showing annoyance, (17) the making of ease in talking and showing closed relationship, (18) the showing of good language competence and pretention in talking, (19) the showing of pretention in talking and showing language competence, (20) the making of ease in talking and showing intention, (21) the pretension in talking and showing friendship (C) The implications of ‘Indoglish’ and ‘Jawanesia’ toward the efforts of dignifying the Indonesian language are as follows. (1) The use of ‘Indoglish’ and ‘Jawanesia’ which is not positively considered and the errors in using the language which seem to be neglected will probably destroy the Indonesian language as a whole now and then. (2) The efforts of optimizing dynamics and dignity of the Indonesian language will be hindered since many people have no devotion in using the forms of language but then they tend to use forms of language which do not support implementation of correct Indonesian language. (3) As one of the manifestions of Indonesian language syles and/or register, the development of ‘Indoglish’ and ‘Jawanesia’ should not be excessively worried as far as followed by the awareness of context and use with the Indonesian language.