Developing Students’ Critical Literacy In Reading Class at An English Education Department In Indonesia
Hikmat, Mauly Halwat
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Critical Literacy approach suggests that teaching reading should not only be focused on language but also on developing students’ critical literacy. This article discusses the findings of research focusing on strategies used in developing critical literacy in Reading class at English Education Department of Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta and challenges faced by the lecturers in developing students’ critical literacy. The subjects were 20 English Education Department students and three lecturers of Reading. The data were collected using interview, observation, and documentation. They were analyzed through data reduction, data display for categorization and conclusion by using relevant framework of critical literacy. The findings showed that the strategies used by the lecturers include using various texts, stimulating the students’ interest, asking critical questions, discussing questions collaboratively, and writing summary and response. The challenges faced by the lecturers in developing students’ critical literacy were students’ low of critical literacy, students’ lack of self confidence, students’ low English proficiency and students’ dependence of guidance.