ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺀ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﺘﺼﻮﻓﺔ
Moslem had passed through the long thinking history journey, even passed the difficult times, when in balancing happened between the original thinking with Ijtihad mechanism that carried out by a part of Moslem thinkers from time to time. It could be observed specifically in 4H / 9 AD century. In that time was appeared many variegated of thinking theory, such as : “Al-Fana” theory that was appeared by a suffi thingker AL- Bustami, that lived in the time of khalifah al-Mahdi khalifah Abbasiyah the third / 3 and Al Mutawakikil khalifah abbasiyah the tenth/10, or exactly in half the second / 2 H century up to one third/ 1/3 3 H century , that mentioned as the time of Moslem because of the opening ummah thinking and the advance of Moslem tamaddun. Even though this “Al-Fana” theory has positive values in motivating a part of ummah to carry out worship just only for Allah SWT, because among the meaning of AL- Fana is the deepest loving to The inner Most of high (khaliq). However, this theory also contained of negative values that gave a big influenced to the life style of Moslem. It was happend because of the contamination of this thinking by the other import thinkings such as ; Persia and India philosophy. Actually this Al-Fana theory was something new from the appearance aspect, therefore it needed critical analysis study; because this theory is built up on the meaning of a good attitude of human being, as it is said in this theory that “Al-Fana is releasing a bad attitude.” However, in the other side of this theory appeared many problems of thinking from the beginning, now adays, even in the future.