|Moslem had passed through the long thinking history journey, even passed the
difficult times, when in balancing happened between the original thinking with
Ijtihad mechanism that carried out by a part of Moslem thinkers from time to
time. It could be observed specifically in 4H / 9 AD century. In that time was
appeared many variegated of thinking theory, such as : “Al-Fana” theory that
was appeared by a suffi thingker AL- Bustami, that lived in the time of khalifah
al-Mahdi khalifah Abbasiyah the third / 3 and Al Mutawakikil khalifah
abbasiyah the tenth/10, or exactly in half the second / 2 H century up to one
third/ 1/3 3 H century , that mentioned as the time of Moslem because of the
opening ummah thinking and the advance of Moslem tamaddun.
Even though this “Al-Fana” theory has positive values in motivating a part of
ummah to carry out worship just only for Allah SWT, because among the
meaning of AL- Fana is the deepest loving to The inner Most of high (khaliq).
However, this theory also contained of negative values that gave a big
influenced to the life style of Moslem. It was happend because of the
contamination of this thinking by the other import thinkings such as ; Persia
and India philosophy. Actually this Al-Fana theory was something new from
the appearance aspect, therefore it needed critical analysis study; because this
theory is built up on the meaning of a good attitude of human being, as it is said
in this theory that “Al-Fana is releasing a bad attitude.” However, in the other
side of this theory appeared many problems of thinking from the beginning, now
adays, even in the future.