Earthquake Risk Reduction for Elementary School in the City of Palu
Amir, Muhammad Yusuf
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One of the most frightening and destructive phenomena of nature is a severe earthquake and its terrible aftereffects. An earthquake is a sudden movement of the Earth, caused by the abrupt release of strain that has accumulated over a long time. Worldwide, 450 cities with populations over 1 million face recurring earthquakes. Palu, the capital city of Central Sulawesi is one of the areas where earthquake to be affected. We are not able to prevent the earth from shaking. However, with assessment and planning, physical and environmental protection and response preparedness we can prevent this event from becoming disasters. Since schools are our universal institution for sharing knowledge and skills, the expectations for schools to be role models in disaster prevention is high. Successful disaster mitigation is one of the ultimate tests of the success of the education should provide over generations, safe schools attain very high importance with a view to ensuring their safety and well being. This paper describes a series of course for Palu city elementary school as appropriate, in the aspects of school disaster prevention. The course divide into four stages: 1. The introduction of the earthquakes mechanisms through animation, video and images; 2. Standard operating procedures and training for disaster response; test mitigation and preparedness plans and skills in the event of an earthquake; 3. Realistic simulation processes and procedures; 4. Evaluation and monitoring activities. The fourth stage should be carried out continuously and sustainably and should be implemented in all elementary schools in Palu.