Design and Validation of Instruments to Assess Collaboration Skills in Elementary Schools Students
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This article is part of a research about design and using a learning methode to improve collaboration skill in elementary school students. The aim of this article is to describe the validation of instrument in assessing collaboration skills with elementary students. The instrument was applied to 30 fifth-grader students from SDN Pancasila Lembang Bandung and SDN 35 Parak Karakah Padang. The instrument is divided into three parts which asses collaboration skill in knowledge, values/attittude, and skill aspect. The assessment of the knowledge aspect consists of 16 items of questions done by the test technique. Assessment of collaboration skill of attitude aspect was conducted by non test technique in form of questionnaire with 15 items.It shows that there were correlations between factors of the instrument and dependency one to the others which indicates the validity of the test item. The reliability of the instrument was calculated by using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, which reached a value of .71 for knowledge aspect and .67 value aspect for in the total scale. Meanwhile, the skill aspect appraisal instrument was carried out by non-test technique that is observation by teacher to the student. The observation was conducted by teacher having survey regarding students’ skills.The survey itself has already been undergoneexpert judgment process from several experts. The statistical and expert judgment results in validating the instrument have allowed this experience to be a starting point to implement further studies about the development of collaboration skills in elementary school students.