ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE ON THE RIGHTS OF CHILD: THEIR CONSEQUENCES FOR THE ROLES OF STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY (ESPECIALLY IN EDUCATION)
Santoso, M. Abdul Fattah
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Islam is a religion concerned with justice and respect. It is a religion that places great emphasis on rights and responsibility. Child has certain rights categorized into social, educational and financial rights. The social rights are divided into two categories: before birth and after birth. The social rights before birth includes right to noble parent having character and right to unborn child while the social rights after birth includes rights to lineage, suckle and nutrition, and being received by the Muslim society. The educational rights cover rights to life, general care and socialization as well as basic education, just and equal treatment, and physical education. The financial rights encompass rights to livelihood, property and inheritance. For enabling children to enjoy their rights guaranteed by Islam, parental care plays role as a main foundation. But sate and civil society organization also have key roles to play in this regard. Child friendly education may be a manifestation of social responsibility of civil society organization to fulfill the rights of child.